These scorpions are found in the drier parts of Southern Africa, and can measure up to 115mm in length.

Rough Thicktailed Scorpions are the most medically significant scorpion species in South Africa, with a few people that die from their neurotoxic sting every year.

They tend to inhabit hard-packed sandy and gritty soil where they make burrows at the bases of shrubs or grass tufts, or under logs and stones. Members of this species are active hunters rather than ambushers, seeking prey which includes other scorpions.